United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNODC’s mandate is to support Member States in the prevention of illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
UNODC has country and regional field offices in 21 locations around the world, where field staff work directly with institutions, civil society organizations and local communities in order to develop and implement drug control and crime prevention programmes that are tailored to the needs of assisted countries.
Two Commissions exist within UNODC: the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) and the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ). Furthermore UNODC guards the international drug- and crime-related treaties such as the Convention on Psychotropic Substances or the Convention against Corruption.
The three pillars of the UNODC work programme are:
- Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drug- and crime-related issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions
- Normative work to assist states in the ratification and implementation of international treaties and the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism
- Field-based technical cooperation projects enhancing the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism
UNODC advocates a balanced approach to drug control, emphasising the importance of preventive education and treatment for addicts, as well as measures to reduce production and trafficking. UNODC’s Global Assessment Programme supplies worldwide accurate and current statistics on illicit drug consumption, which is crucial for the successful development of best prevention strategies. UNODC also aims at stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS through drug abuse prevention.
UNODC assists governments and law enforcement agencies in increasing the effectiveness of domestic legislation as well as in enhancing their capacities to investigate, dismantle and prosecute trafficking groups, through technical assistance, training and the provision of modern technical equipment. UNODC also works in conjunction with its international and regional partners in order to analyse and share information on global trafficking trends and smuggling methods.