The UN in Vienna
Vienna as UN Seat
Vienna is one of the three headquarters of the United Nations Secretariat, beside New York and Geneva. The “Vienna International Centre”, which celebrated its 30th anniversary in October 2009, is the seat of important offices of the United Nations, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Organisation for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) and the Office for Drug Control (UNODC).
The UN Office at Vienna (UNOV) Secretariat unit gives administrative support to various UN bodies and institutions, and is responsible for conference planning and interpretation services for more than 2,000 conferences and meetings a year at the Vienna International Centre (VIC). UNOV also includes the Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA), the Division of Administrative and Common Services (DACS) and the United Nations Information Service (UNIS).
In 1997, in the course of the reforms of the United Nations, Vienna became a major centre of all UN efforts aimed at combating crime, drug abuse and terrorism. As a result, in 2002 the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was set up in Vienna. In 2010, Jurij Fedotow followed Antonio Maria Costa as Executive Director, who at the same time holds the offices of Under-Secretary-General and Director-General of the United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV). The UNODC consists of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP).
Apart from the above-mentioned organisations of the UN family, Vienna also houses the branch-office of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), the regional bureau of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Secretariat of the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River.
Another Vienna-based organization is the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), headed by Kandeh K. Yumkella. UNIDO is the only organisation within the UN system to provide support for industrialisation in Third World countries and in the Central and Eastern European transition countries through technical assistance, consultation and mediation as well as research and study programmes aimed at the most eco-friendly industrialisation on the one hand, and through the promotion of industrial co-operation between developing and industrialised countries on the other.
Headed by Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth, the Preparatory Commission with its Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) to which a sophisticated data centre is attached, has been operative in Vienna since 1997. In the same year, the global successor to COCOM, the Secretariat of the Wassenaar Arrangement on export controls for conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, started operating in Vienna.
Another major organisation within the VIC is the International Atom Energy Agency (IAEA), headed by Yukiya Amano as Director General, working on the issues of peaceful use of nuclear science and technology, inspection of safeguards and emergency preparations and working to improve international conventions, standards and expert guidance to contribute to international goals of sustainable development in the field of energy and environment.