International Criminal Court
Austria actively participated in the Rome Conference on the establishment of an International Criminal Court (ICC) and deposited its instrument of ratification of the Rome Statute on 28 December 2000. Together with other partner States in the European Union, Austria regards the ICC as one of the most important developments in international affairs.
An active, independent and credible ICC could be an effective deterrent of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the future. The most effective means to prevent such heinous crimes is to ensure that individual perpetrators know that they will be brought to justice and will not go unpunished. However, this goal requires the full support and participation by as many States as possible.
The Rome Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002. As of July 2004, already 94 countries had become States Parties to the Rome Statute. Austria was among the first States to ratify the Agreement on the Priviliges and Immunities of the ICC on 17 December 2003, which entered into force on 22 July 2004. During the first session, in September 2002, Austria was elected member of the Bureau of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) to the Rome Statute. The third session of the ASP took place from 6 – 10 September 2004 in The Hague.